Cardiac rehab is a medically supervised program for people who have recovered or are currently recovering from heart-related conditions. This program encourages both inpatients and outpatients to adopt a heart-healthy lifestyle, says Pchosp.org.
A cardiac rehab team usually consists of doctors, nurses, dieticians, and mental health specialists. The program includes exercise, lifestyle changes, and even emotional support. It also has a varying number of phases depending on the needs of the patient.
The Inpatient Phase
The first phase of the cardiac rehab program happens after the patient’s cardiac event. A physical therapist will aid doctors and nurses towork on the patient’s mobility. Those who suffered serious heart surgeries will work with their physicians in the ICU.
This phase is done before the patient is discharged from the hospital. It aims to assess the patient’s mobility if they can carry out tasks on their own or take care of themselves. The patient also receives assistive precautions like walkers and safe exercises.
The Outpatient Phase
The outpatient phases vary depending on the situation of the patient. Some patients go through intensive cardiac rehab programs, while others only participate in one outpatient program.
After the patient’s hospital discharge, he or she transfers to an outpatient facility where the next phase of the rehab program will take place. There, the patient will be educated about proper exercise procedures to monitor heart rate. Some tests will include the use of tools like the treadmill, stationary bike, and electrocardiogram.
Once the patient is showing signs of progress and independence, the rehab team will give the patient maintenance and preventive measures to help him or her adhere to heart-healthy lifestyle habits.
The cardiac rehab program aims to promote positive practices to help maintain cardiovascular health. It is designed to heal the heart with patience and the utmost care. The heart’s fate lies in the lifestyle decisions of its owner.