Oral Health Guide: On the Three Types of Dental Implants

Oral Health GuideA dental implant is often the recommended treatment for missing teeth. Of course, there are other dental restoration procedures you can undertake just to regain the confidence in your smile. Dental bridges and dentures are excellent ways to fix the gap left behind by a lost tooth or missing teeth. Nonetheless, why do some dentists recommend implant as a solution?

The Need for Implants

When you lose a tooth, you also lose support for the adjacent teeth. As such, they tend to move in the direction of lesser pressure. Additionally, missing teeth predispose you to jawbone problems because there is no longer any stimulus for the bone to keep on building and depositing new bone materials. A missing tooth not only has its aesthetic issues, but also produces bone resorption issues.

Family and cosmetic dentists in Edinburgh say that dental implants are necessary and a better alternative to dentures and bridges. By accommodating the space in the jawbone left by the lost tooth, you are preventing bone tissue loss. This is something that dentures and bridges cannot do.

Types of Dental Implants

Dentists may present three types or classes of dental implants: endosseous, subperiosteal and transosteal. The difference among the three types lies more on the location of the dental implant:

  • Endosseous dental implants are the most common. These resemble screws or even plates made of titanium, ceramic-coated metal or pure ceramic material. The dental implant is placed within the jawbone itself. These types of dental implants are perfect for patients who require a bridge or even a crown.
  • Subperiosteal dental implants are metal frameworks positioned right on top of the jawbone, but directly underneath the gums. These anchor onto the jawbone using posts that protrude through the gums. These posts hold prosthetic dental devices. Subperiosteal dental implants are ideal for patients who may have minimal bone density or bone height for endosseous implantation.
  • Transosteal dental implants are metal implants that pierce through the jawbone from the lower border, and coming out through gum tissues in the mouth. This type of dental implant is rarely used, but is often recommended for patients with severely compromised jawbone structure.
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Dental implants are often necessary to restore the teeth and prevent further bone loss. Depending on the state of the jawbone, your dentist may advise on either endosseous or subperiosteal implants. Only in very severe cases will a transosteal implant be their recommendation.