You may have the skills and physical tools to become a top-notch defensive player. However, without a strong philosophy on defense or the understanding of the fundamentals of team defense, success on this end of the floor is difficult to achieve.
These are the foundations of team defense that will help you improve as a team.
Dictating the Game
One of the pillars of good team defense is dictation; it should lead the flow of the opposing team’s offense and not the other way around. According to a coach for training camps for basketball, the game is about reading and reacting. The best defensive teams force opposing offenses to react to their actions. Do you or your teammates force a player towards a particular part of the court or make a decision you want them to take? If your answer is yes, then you have a good understanding of this concept of team defense.
Shrinking the Court
A basketball court is huge, but once you define certain spots on it, your team defense will be better. Your team must lead the ball or player into a particular area and keep it there. One way to do is to force the opponent to play on only one side of the court. Doing so limits their options to bad shots, difficult passes or block lanes to the rim.
As in offense, you can’t win on defense alone; when you lose your man on a drive or a screen, another player must be ready to help and pick up the slack. This can come in the form of a block, steal, stopping a dribble drive or blocking a passing lane. Rotations on the perimeter and on the block are important; you don’t want to be guarding a big in the post because of a bad switch.
All of the above will not coalesce and work without communication; players need to interact on the floor. They need to call out potential switches and screens during action on defense. Simple things like “I’ll cover the left or right”, “send the dribbler this way”, or “screen left” are some ways to communicate on defense effectively.
Understanding these fundamentals allow you to become a better team defender and help your team reach its potential.